VirtualApprentice2070
Anatomy & Breed
You will complete TWO topics on this inquiry page. Scroll down to find each topic and the learning resources you will use. Keep track of the Need to Do tasks for each topic in your Equine1 2070 Learning checklist.
How does knowledge of your horse’s anatomy & breed help you provide responsible care?

People who care for and manage horses have the most influence on a horse’s well-being and health. You will describe a horse’s anatomy and assess conformational features. You will also consider how heredity and breeding affect a horse’s characteristics.

Know your horse’s anatomy & conformation
Animal welfare refers to how well an animal copes with the conditions in which it lives. How does an understanding of your horse’s physical characteristics help you make responsible care decisions?

Need To Know
need to know Explore characteristics and function of body parts and anatomy in this Need to Know card.
Horses’ body characteristics & functions
need to do Find out about the basics of determining a horse’s conformation and balance.
Conformational features & balance
Need To Do
Introduction Create an anatomy mind map in this Apply card.
Identify physical characteristics
Introduction Evaluate the conformational features and overall balance of your horse.
Assess physical characteristics & conformation
Introduction Use these graphic organizers to help you complete the learning tasks.
Horse Outline |  T-Chart
Introduction Use this image as an option for completing the learning tasks.
Horse
Introduction When you are finished the learning tasks, respond to the reflection question.
Reflect One
weblinks

These weblinks will help you complete the learning tasks.

Find detailed information, photographs, illustrations and drawings on horse anatomy on the Think Like a Horse website.
http://thinklikeahorse.org/index-5.html

Use The Trapezoid: A tool to help you evaluate a horse’s balance.
http://danmcwhirter.com/home/articles/0507TheTrapezoid.pdf


Explore more detailed information on conformation in “Conformation & Evaluation.” 4-H Horse Project Manual from Alberta Agriculture and Rural Development.
www1.agric.gov.ab.ca/$department/deptdocs.nsf/all/4h7933/$FILE/f_conform.pdf


Explore the Conformation Study Guide for more information.
www.thebige.com/fair/agriculture/documents/08ag4hconformationstudyguide.pdf


Find a Conformation Checklist on the horsecoursesonline.com website.
www.donblazer.com/college/conformation/conformation_checklist.htm

Know your horse’s breed & heredity
Domestic horse breeds were developed to produce horses best suited for particular functions or activities. Draft horses are suited for tasks like pulling and heavy work, while light horses are suited for lighter work. Breeding systems rely on knowledge of genetics and heredity. How does a horse’s breed and heredity influence its uses and purpose?

Need To Know
need to know Find out about the differences between draft and light horses.
The difference between draft & light horses
need to do Explore basic information about breeding and genetic inheritance.
About breeding & genetic inheritance
need to do Get an overview of horse origins in this Need to Know card.
Horses’ origins
Need To Do
Introduction Create a simple timeline with five events important to the history and domestication of horses and analyze how genetics affects coat colour.
Explore horse origins & genetics
Introduction Use these graphic organizers to help you complete the learning tasks.
Timeline |  Triple T-Chart
Introduction When you are finished the learning tasks, respond to the reflection question.
Reflect Two
weblinks These weblinks will help you complete the learning tasks.

Explore detailed information, examples and articles on horse genetics on The Horse Genetics Website. www.horse-genetics.com/horse-genetics.html

Explore information about light and draft horse breeds in Horse Breed Types and Uses from the Alabama Cooperative Extension System. www.aces.edu/pubs/docs/A/ANR-0899/ANR-0899.pdf

Detailed information on many different horse breeds can be found in Breeds of Horses from Oklahoma State University.
www.ansi.okstate.edu/breeds/horses/

The Horse Channel provides information on a number of different horse breeds. www.horsechannel.com/horse-breeds/

Explore information on draft horse breeds and conformational features in Draft Horse Handbook from Washington State University Extension. http://4h.wsu.edu/em2778cd/pdf/eb1135e.pdf

Explore Basic Horse Genetics from the Alabama Cooperative Extension System. www.aces.edu/pubs/docs/A/ANR-1420/ANR-1420.pdf

Read The Way I See It: The dangers of trait over-selection by Temple Grandin. www.grandin.com/references/horse.genetics.html

Get colour examples and descriptions of horse coat colours in Colour
Coat Genetics
and other resources on this American Quarter Horse
Association page. www.aqha.com/Resources.aspx 

Find information about colours, markings and other characteristics of different horse breeds in the “Horse Identification” chapter of the 4-H Horse Project Manual from Alberta Agriculture and Rural Development. www1.agric.gov.ab.ca/$department/deptdocs.nsf/all/4h7933/$FILE/
h_identification.pdf


Experiment with this Coat Colour Calculator. www.horsetesting.com/ccalculator1.asp

Explore the history of horses on the International Museum of Horses site.
http://imh.org/index.php/legacy-of-the-horse-full-story/the-first-horses


Read the article, “Domestication of horses,” from The Western Producer. www.producer.com/2011/08/the-domestication-of-horses/

Visite de la grotte Lascaux. Take a virtual tour of the caves that show Paleolithic cave art of horses, bison, deer, aurochs and birds. www.lascaux.culture.fr/#/fr/00.xml